• AdS/CFT Correspondence:

  • AdS/CFT correspondence is a map between two theories - a quantum theory of gravity in a higher dimensional space (bulk) and a conformal field theory in one lower dimension (boundary). The challenge is to translate between the two theories. The program of translating bulk physics in terms of the boundary is called Bulk Reconstruction. Research groups are focused on understanding different aspects of Bulk Reconstruction.
    Faculty involved- Dr. Nirmalya Kajuri

  • Ultra-Peripheral Collisions(UPC):

  • Photon-induced processes in Ultra-Peripheral Collisions (UPCs) refer to interactions in which colliding particles pass close to each other without directly colliding, but instead interact through the exchange of photons. This phenomenon is particularly relevant in experiments conducted at Electron-Ion Colliders (EICs), where high-energy electrons and ions are collided at nearly the speed of light. Our research groups focuses on understanding the electromagnetic interactions between the colliding particles, including processes such as photonuclear reactions, coherent photonuclear production of vector mesons, and deeply virtual Compton scattering. These studies offer insights into the structure of nuclei, the dynamics of strong interactions, and the behavior of matter under extreme conditions.
    Faculty involved: Dr. Prabhakar Palini and Dr. Amal Sarkar

  • Quark Gluon Plasma and Deep Inelastic Scattering:

  • Quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is a state of matter that existed in the early universe microseconds after the Big Bang and can be recreated in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. Deep inelastic scattering (DIS) involves probing the internal structure of nucleons by colliding high-energy leptons, such as electrons or neutrinos, with protons or nuclei. Our research groups explores the interplay between QGP and DIS, shedding light on the behaviour of quarks and gluons within strongly interacting systems and deepening our understanding of the fundamental forces governing particle interactions and the evolution of the universe.
    Faculty involved: Dr. Prabhakar Palini

  • Detector Hardware Development:

  • GEM (Gas Electron Multiplier), RPCs (Resistive Plate Chambers), and MPGD (Micropattern Gaseous Detectors) are advanced tracking detector technologies employed in particle physics experiments for precise and efficient particle tracking. These detectors offer not only high spatial and temporal resolution but also possess multidisciplinary applications, extending beyond particle physics to fields such as medical imaging, homeland security, and environmental monitoring.
    Faculty involved: Dr. Amal Sarkar

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